Leukemia is a cancer that is fatal in many cases. It is extremely difficult to detect it in the early stages, therefore, if any signs are found, you should not delay, you must immediately go to the doctor, because early diagnosis increases the chances of a successful recovery.
In leukemia, white blood cells are produced by the bone marrow, and due to an incorrect process, the disease develops. Such white blood cells begin to be produced in huge quantities, filling the bone marrow and interfering with the production of other blood elements.
But to understand that a person develops this oncological disease is not so easy. Therefore, the MedicForum portal prepared a tip – summarized 7 signs by which you can recognize leukemia.
Sign # 1: increased body temperature
A person with leukemia constantly experiences a feeling of coldness, chills, excess of the normal temperature on the thermometer. Also, a person experiences excessive sweating at night, sometimes this even leads to problems with sleep.
However, fever is often also a sign of infectious diseases, and therefore this sign cannot be called 100 percent reliable.
Sign # 2: frequent illnesses
With a decrease in immunity, which is observed during leukemia, the body becomes more susceptible to various diseases. Frequent illnesses, such as ARVI, flu, are a sure sign of decreased immunity and possible leukemia.
It is noteworthy that this is a rather strange symptom, since with leukemia, the bone marrow produces a large number of leukocytes, which, on the contrary, should strengthen the immune system, and therefore make the body stronger. But everything happens exactly the opposite, as the white blood cells become unable to perform protective functions. Correctly formed leukocytes become so small that immunity falls. Moreover, recovery from influenza or ARVI can be very long – up to one month.
Sign # 3: Joint pain and bone pain
This is a rather dangerous symptom that occurs in leukemia. This means that the disease is at a pronounced stage, the oncological process has already begun to spread to the periosteum or joints. At the beginning of the development of the disease, there are no such manifestations at all, because the localization of the bone marrow in the center of the tubular bones is not rich in nerve endings, in contrast to the periosteum and articular tissues. So if you begin to experience pain and aches in the joints and bones, then it’s time to make an appointment with a doctor.
Sign # 4: anemia
You can recognize anemia by the following symptoms: cold and constantly cold hands / feet, pale skin and mucous membranes. All this is caused by a deficiency of red blood cells in the blood. And the pallor of the integument becomes possible due to the fact that the number of red blood cells decreases. Gradually, dark circles under the eyes will be added to the pallor of the skin. If the mucous membranes become yellowish-white, then anemia manifests itself in a serious degree.
Sign # 5: weakness and fatigue
If you get tired too quickly even from doing the most ordinary things, then this is a reason to think about whether everything is fine with your health. The fact is that leukemia can manifest itself in this way. Red blood cells deliver oxygen to tissues and organs, and with leukemia there is a lack of oxygen. This makes you feel weaker, hypoxia develops. If increased fatigue has lasted for more than one month, then you should definitely visit a doctor.
Sign # 6: shortness of breath
Shortness of breath is another symptom of leukemia. If, when walking fast, climbing stairs or physical education, you begin to breathe more often than before with the same loads, then this is definitely a health problem. Of course, this does not mean that you necessarily have leukemia, but it may also be a disease. Shortness of breath also occurs with cardiovascular diseases, respiratory organs.
Sign # 7: Bruising and skin lesions
Often the skin with anemia is prone to various injuries, for example, bruises. The fact is that the skin lacks nutrients, a lack of platelets causes blood clotting disorders, and even minor injuries lead to bruises, abrasions and wounds. At the same time, they do not heal for a very long time. Hematomas on the back and groin are considered the most dangerous, which indicates internal bleeding. Petechiae are also dangerous – small red spots on the skin due to punctate hemorrhages that occur due to damage to the capillaries.
In addition, with leukemia, there is another symptom – a tendency to bleeding. Most often, this symptom involves bleeding gums, bleeding from the nasal passages.
If you find at least one of the above symptoms in yourself, you need to urgently seek the help of a specialist. The first step is to visit your family doctor and describe your condition. The doctor will prescribe the necessary tests, and if you suspect leukemia, he will refer you to a consultation with another specialist.